This course studies the black social gospel tradition of theology, ethics, and politics that arose in the 1870s and provided the "new abolition" theology of social justice that undergirded the civil rights movement. Featured figures include William Simmons, Reverdy Ransom, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Alexander Walters, W. E. B. Du Bois, Adam Clayton Powell Sr., George W. Woodbey, Nannie Burroughs, Mordecai W. Johnson, Benjamin E. Mays, and Martin Luther King Jr.