An introductory survey of premodern Christian life and thought, from the proliferation of diverse forms of Christianity in the second century to the end of the Byzantine empire in the fifteenth century. Issues discussed are the development of Christian faith and practice in changing political circumstances (persecuted minority or powerful majority); Christian expansion and interreligious relationships, in and beyond the Roman Empire; major theological writers and controversies; the interplay of Christian faith with the social dynamics of slavery, gender, sexuality, and ethnicity; the rise of a unitary, clerical, persecuting Latin Christian tradition in Western Europe in the Middle Ages and the forces that helped to question it, diversify it, and eventually break it apart.

Note: Required for MDiv students starting option A of the History requirement. HS 116 or HS 117 required for MAR and MDiv students starting option B1 of the History requirement.