A course in religious history and theory concentrating on the period circa 1400-1600 BC in Europe. "Popular religion" can mean the religion shared by everyone, or the instinctive beliefs and rituals of the less educated. The latter sort of beliefs was often stigmatized by theologians as "superstitious" or "demonic." This course encourages criticism and evaluation of problematic historical sources and contested modern methodologies. Primary sources are studied in translation.