Mainline churches in this country are no longer homogeneous bodies existing within a homogeneous context, and this change reflects the growing ethnic and racial diversity of the United States. Latinos (or Hispanics) are currently the largest “minority” group in this country with a total population of more than 50 million. This course will seek to examine and critically reflect upon the history, culture, and socioeconomic, political, religious, and racial realities of Latinos in the U.S. and how these have impacted and continue to impact the Latino church. Particular attention will be given to the Southwestern United States where the first encounters between Protestantism and Latino communities took place.