A course in religious history and theory concentrating on the period c. 1400-1600 in Europe. “Popular religion” can mean the religion shared by everyone, or the instinctive beliefs and rituals of the less educated. The latter sort of beliefs were often stigmatized by theologians as “superstitious” or “demonic.” This course will encourage criticism and evaluation of problematic historical sources and contested modern methodologies. Primary sources will be studied in translation.